What are storms and hurricanes called and who names them?

The Met Office has revealed its list of storm names for the coming year, which will see medium to high impact storms between September 2021 and August 2022 named after friends, family and pets .

Five storms have been named in the past five months, with Storm Aiden hitting Ireland on October 30, 2020, followed by Bella, Christoph, Darcy and finally Evert, which brought unusually strong winds to southern England in July 2021.

The coming year will see storms, including Storm Corrie and Storm Eunice.

But what are storms and hurricanes named after, and who decides their names? Here’s what you need to know.

Who names storms and hurricanes?

This year marks the seventh year that the UK, Irish and Dutch weather services have come together to name the storms, asking the public to suggest names.

The joint initiative was introduced to raise awareness of any severe weather conditions that are potentially damaging, disruptive or life threatening.

Over 10,000 names were submitted for review for this year’s list, with people submitting the names of their friends, family and pets.

When it comes to hurricanes, the setup is similar, but the names are decided by the World Meteorological Organization, with six lists of names in circulation. As with storm names, particularly severe hurricane names are removed from the list.

How are storms and hurricanes named?

While the public has a say in naming storms, weather services have the final say.

So while some names are chosen for lighter reasons, the naming criteria should also consider whether there has ever been a severe storm of the same name and whether the name has been used by another storm naming group.

There are some restrictions, however, and the letters Q, U, X, Y and Z are not used for storm names in accordance with international conventions.

Another thing to note is that a number of European countries – including France, Spain, Portugal, Sweden and Denmark also name higher impact storms.

This means that if a storm that takes its origin and is named in another country reaches Great Britain, Ireland or the Netherlands, it retains its original name.

What are the names of the storms for 2021-2022?

Here is the full list of storm names for the next 12 months:

  • Arwen

  • Barra

  • Corrie

  • Dudley

  • Eunice

  • Franklin

  • Gladys

  • Herman

  • Imani

  • Jack

  • Kim

  • Logan

  • Meabh

  • Nasim

  • Olwen

  • Pol

  • Ruby

  • Seán

  • Tineke

  • Vergil

  • Willemien

The storms are named in alphabetical order, so the first storm of this next year will be named Arwen.

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